In 1989, nationalism in Soviet Georgians gained momentum with the weakening of the Soviet Union. The Kremlin supported South Ossetia`s nationalism as a pole against the Georgian independence movement.  On 11 December 1990, the Supreme Soviet of Georgia annulled the region`s autonomy in response to The attempted secession of Densezian.  In January 1991, a military conflict broke out between Georgia and the separatists in South Ossetia.  On 9 April 1991, Georgia declared its re-establishment of independence, becoming the first non-Baltic state in the Soviet Union to do so.  The separatists in South Ossetia were supported by former Soviet military units, now controlled by Russia.  In June 1992, the possibility of a global war between Russia and Georgia was heightened when the Russian authorities promised to bomb the Georgian capital of Tbilisi in support of the separatists in South Ossetia.   Georgia approved a ceasefire agreement on 24 June 1992 to avoid an escalation of the conflict with Russia.  Georgian, South Ossetian, Russian and North Ossetian peacekeepers were deployed to the conflict region of South Ossetia under the mandate of the Joint Control Commission (MCC).  Parts, mainly ethnically Georgian, of the former autonomy of South Ossetia remained under Georgian control.  The separatist authorities of the self-proclaimed Republic of South Ossetia, based in Tskhinvali, controlled one third of the territory of the former autonomy of South Ossetia before the 2008 war.
 On August 17, Medvedev announced that the Russian military would begin the withdrawal of Georgia the next day.  The two countries exchanged prisoners of war on 19 August. A Georgian official said that although his country exchanged five Russian soldiers for 15 Georgians, including two non-combatants, Georgia suspected Russia of holding two other Georgians.  On 22 August, Russian troops withdrew from Igoeti and Georgian police headed for Gori.  Russia claimed that the withdrawal of Russian troops was over; However, Russian checkpoints remained near Gori and two Russian observation stations remained near Poti.  On 13 September, Russian troops began to withdraw from western Georgia, and at 11:00 a.m. Moscow time, the posts were abandoned near Poti. De Senaki and Khobi also resigned.
 On 8 October, Russian troops withdrew from the border buffer zones with Abkhazia and South Ossetia, and the European Union monitoring mission in Georgia would now monitor the territories.  A ceasefire was unilaterally declared on 10 August by the Georgian authorities. One of the targets of the withdrawal of Georgian troops from South Ossetia was declared by the Georgians. However, Russia did not accept the ceasefire offer.  After French President Nicolas Sarkozy negotiated the ceasefire agreement on 12 August, a deadline was set for 15:00 on 12 August for the cessation of military operations. However, Russian forces have not stopped moving forward.  The six-point ceasefire agreement was signed by Russia and Georgia on 12 August 2008.