The specific energy consumption of steel production is lower than in 2000. The specific consumption of pulp and paper is higher than in 2000, but still 9% below the EU average. Factors such as product mix, increased production of raw materials for export and even climate affect both the national level of specific consumption and country-to-country comparisons. Since the 1990s, voluntary agreements between the central government and the sectors concerned have been used to promote energy savings and energy efficiency. As shown in Figure 3, domestic heating consumption has decreased by about 15% since 2000, mainly due to the increased use of heat pumps. The small deviations from the long-term trend of a few years (2008, 2013, 2014) can be explained by the fact that standardization with heating temperatures does not “completely” correct the effects of the weather, especially in case of large fluctuations. Figure 4 shows variations in the share of different energy consumption in households, without heating. Electricity consumption of appliances (including cooking) and lighting has decreased due to improved energy efficiency, which has been accelerated in recent years by ecodesign requirements. The Ministry of Economy and Employment subsidizes voluntary control of energy by municipalities and small and medium-sized enterprises. Conducting an energy audit according to the relevant models and instructions is a prerequisite for energy production. To learn more about the application: Projects eligible for help Mandatory energy audits of large companies are managed and carried out by the Finnish Energy Agency. Based on participants` reports, Finland submits annual reports to the EU on energy savings. Any measures implemented and notified to improve energy efficiency are important.
Thanks to its good results, Finland will continue to apply the voluntary approach during the period 2017-2025. To do so, however, the agreement must remain comprehensive and meet the targets set to improve energy efficiency. In practice, this means that from the beginning of 2017, a considerable number of businesses and local authorities will adhere to the agreements and actively implement their energy efficiency measures. Energy efficiency agreements are a common means chosen by the central government and the sectors concerned to meet The international energy efficiency obligations imposed on Finland. Energy efficiency agreements guide companies and organizations in improving their energy efficiency. This comprehensive and effective system helps Finland meet its commitments without having to introduce new binding procedures. The energy savings generated by the agreement are helping Finland reduce its greenhouse gas emissions. They also relieve national targets for increased use of renewable energy. Efficient use of energy also improves Finland`s security of supply and energy self-sufficiency.
At the same time, it creates green growth and opens markets to clean technology solutions. Finland reports to the EU on the progress made by its energy-saving measures. The current term of the contract is until December 31, 2025. The government provides energy subsidies to support the implementation of new energy-efficient technologies and, where appropriate, conventional energy investments and energy audits by participating companies and municipalities.