The Bonn Agreement (officially the agreement on interim arrangements in Afghanistan until permanent government institutions were restored) was the first set of agreements adopted on 5 December 2001 to restore the State of Afghanistan after the US invasion of Afghanistan in response to the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001. In the absence of a national government since 1979 in Afghanistan, it was deemed necessary to have a transition period before a permanent government was established. A nationally agreed government would require the convening of at least one jirga de loya; However, in the absence of law and order following the rapid victory of the armed forces of the North American and Afghan alliance, immediate action was taken to prove necessary. After the fall of the Taliban in 2001, the Bonn Agreement laid the groundwork for state reconstruction efforts in Afghanistan, supported by the United States and NATO. The agreement aimed to create a new constitution, an independent judiciary, free and fair elections, a centralized sector of security and the protection of the rights of women, including minorities, such as religious and ethnic groups. This model of state-building in Afghanistan was based on a “maximumist model of post-conflict reconstruction” that emerged in the 1990s as a result of international interventions in the Balkans, sub-Saharan Africa and East Timor.  The Bonn Agreement called for the creation of a Supreme Court in Afghanistan. The Bonn agreement served as a framework for the subsequent constitution, which was introduced in 2004, as well as for the subsequent presidential and legislative elections. He stressed the need for strong and centralized state institutions and ignored the cultural and political history of the state, as the country had previously relied on informal regional power structures to ensure security and services. One section of the Bonn Agreement provided for the creation of the International Security Assistance Force (ISAF).  UN Security Council Resolution 1386 then created ISAF.